Showing posts tagged Age of Sail

parrotheadviking:

peashooter85:

That time when a naval fleet was defeated by Cavalry,

In 1795 pretty much ever major power in Europe was determined to quash the newly formed French Republic.  Enemies attacked from all sides, and in the Netherlands one of the most unusual events in military history would occur; the defeat of a naval fleet by a cavalry force.

As part of the French Revolutionary Wars, France initiated a surprise attack and invasion of the Netherlands.  After captured Amsterdam in January of 1795, the French commander Gen. Jean-Charles Pichegru learned that the Dutch fleet was anchored off of Den Helder, 90km north of Amsterdam, and were quickly removing the ice covering the port’s bay so that they could escape to Britain. The winter was very cold that year, so much of the rivers and coastal bays were frozen over. Gen. Pichegru gave one of his commanders, Brig. Gen. Jean-Guillame de Winter command 8th Hussar Regiment and the 15th Line Infantry, and ordered him to make haste to Den Helder and either capture or destroy the Dutch fleet before they could escape.

To travel to Den Helder as fast as possible, Gen. de Winter order each Hussar to carry an infantrymen with him on his horse.  The men arrived 3 days later, and quietly made their way through Den Helder without being spotted by Dutch sailors.  The next morning they lined up at the bay’s shore and found the ice still intact, with the Dutch fleet still trapped in the harbor.  On the morning of Sept. 23rd, 1795, Gen. de Winter ordered his men to charge the Dutch fleet.  With the 8th Hussars at the lead, the French galloped over the ice and attacked the Dutch ships.  The Dutch, unprepared for a cavalry assault, were not cleared for action and hadn’t even loaded their guns.  By the time the Dutch were ready for combat, dismounted Hussars and infantry were scaling the ships and climbing on the decks.  

The attack on the Dutch fleet was a successful, with 14 ships of the line and 880 guns captured.  It was the only time in history a naval force has been defeated by a cavalry charge.

That’s frankly fucking incredible.

(Source: Wikipedia)

(Reblogged from parrotheadviking)
" Sextant "  …  Ebony and Brass, Maker:  L. Casella, London [Circa 1862 - 1868]

" Sextant "  …  Ebony and Brass, Maker:  L. Casella, London [Circa 1862 - 1868]

(Source: collectionsonline.nmsi.ac.uk)

sailorgil:

" Yankee Pasha: The Adventures of Jason Starbuck "  …  An adventure novel by Edison Marshall; first published in 1947 and turned into a movie, starring Jeff Chandler and Rhonda Fleming, in 1954.

Personal Note:  I first read this novel when I was about 12 years old and being at a very impressionable age, I was “hooked” with this adventure story, set in 1800 — the quest of the main character’s crossing the seas, via sailing ship, to find his ‘golden fleece’;  i.e, the beautiful blonde, Roxana, on the dustjacket.   As a result, I developed a life-long love of the sea and ships and all things nautically related.  That was more than 50 years ago!  I did actually find my ‘golden fleece’ across the seas (compliments of the US Navy);  however, she had black hair, instead of gold, and I had to sail across the Pacific to Japan, in 1967, in order to find her !!

Movie Info:  http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0047684/

Photo Sources:  http://www.ioffer.com/i/yankee-pasha-hcdj-edison-marshall-c-1947-starbuck-143441011

                       http://www.moviepostershop.com/yankee-pasha-movie-poster-1954

(Reblogged from sailorgil)

" Mutiny On The Bounty "  …  Film [1935] starring Clark Gable as Fletcher Christian

(Source: Wikipedia)

LITTLE KNOWN TIDBIT OF NAVAL HISTORY

The U.S.S. Constitution  (Old Ironsides), as a combat vessel, carried 48,600 gallons of fresh water for her crew of 475 officers and men. This was sufficient to last six months of sustained operations at sea. She carried no evaporators (I.e. Fresh water distillers).

However, let it be noted that according to her ship’s log, “On July 27, 1798, the U.S.S.Constitution sailed from Boston with a full complement of 475 officers and men, 48,600 gallons of fresh water, 7,400 cannon shot, 11,600 pounds of black powder and 79,400 gallons of rum.”

Her mission: “To destroy and harass English shipping.”

Making Jamaica on 6 October, she took on 826 pounds of flour and 68,300 gallons of rum.

Then she headed for the Azores , arriving there 12 November. She provisioned with 550 pounds of beef and 64,300 gallons of Portuguese wine.

On 18 November, she set sail for England … In the ensuing days she defeated five British men-of-war and captured and scuttled 12 English merchant ships, salvaging only the rum aboard each.

By 26 January, her powder and shot were exhausted. Nevertheless, although unarmed she made a night raid up the Firth of Clyde in Scotland . Her landing party captured a whisky distillery and transferred 40,000 gallons of single malt Scotch aboard by dawn. Then she headed home.

The U.S.S. Constitution arrived in Boston on 20 February 1799, with no cannon shot, no food, no powder, no rum, no wine, no whisky, and 38,600 gallons of water.

GO NAVY!

(Source: facebook.com)

(Reblogged from adventures-of-the-blackgang)
" Chansons de Marins "  …  Cover art for a book of Sea Shanties by Artist:  Pierre Joubert

" Chansons de Marins "  …  Cover art for a book of Sea Shanties by Artist:  Pierre Joubert

(Source: carnet2bord.com)

" USS Pennsylvania — 1837 "  …  Ship of the Line, 140 Guns,  Currier and Ives Print (1846)

(Source: Wikipedia)

" Typical Jack Tar Uniform During The Age Of Sail "  …  Circa 1800, Artist:  John A. Atkinson

(Source: hmsacasta.com)

" Portsmouth Point "  …  Bluejackets Ashore at Portsmouth, Circa 1810 … Artist:  Thomas Rowlandson

(Source: hmsacasta.com)

sailorgil:

" HMS Lancaster "  …  At the Cape of Good Hope [Circa 1800] … A watercolor executed by and contained in the diary of Seaman George Hodge …… George was 13 years old when he went to sea and started his diary in 1790 !!

(Source: nicolequinnnarrates.blogspot.com)

(Reblogged from moonshine-and-sailors)

" British Warship Diagram "  …  Ship-of-the-Line

(Source: merryfarmer.net)

" Jack "  …  Book Cover Illustration of a German edition [Circa 1890] of F. Marryat’s ‘Midshipman Easy’

(Source: joyfulmolly.wordpress.com)

" Midshipman of the Royal Navy "  …  Circa 1799 by Thomas Rowlandson

(Source: Wikipedia)

" Vue de Saigon "   …  Albumen Silver Print [1866] by Photographer:  Emile Gsell, French

(Source: metmuseum.org)